When Birds Had Teeth

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  • Published on:  Tuesday, August 7, 2018
  • Check out ReInventors: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzZR...Experts are still arguing over whether Archaeopteryx was a true bird, or a paravian dinosaur, or some other kind of dino. But regardless of what side you’re on, how did this fascinating, bird-like animal relate to today’s birds? It turns out its teeth were a clue that this story goes all the way back to what we now call the non-avian dinosaurs.Thanks to Ceri Thomas for the excellent Longipteryx reconstruction. Check out more of Ceri's paleoart at http://alphynix.tumblr.com and http://nixillustration.comProduced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudiosSuper special thanks to the following Patreon patrons for helping make Eons possible:Katie Fichtner, Aldo Espinosa Zúñiga, Kelby Reid, Steph Summerfield, Todd Dittman, Betsy Radley, Svetlana Pylaeva, Colin Sylvester, Philip Slingerland, John Vanek, Jose Garcia, Noah offitzer, Eric Vonk, Tony Wamsley, Henrik Peteri, Jonathan Wright, Wilco Verweij, Jon Monteiro, James Bording, Brad Nicholls, Miles Chaston, Michael McClellan, Elysha Nygård, Jeff Graham, Maria Humphrey, Nathan Paskett, Connor Jensen, Ehit Dinesh Agarwal, Sapjes, Daisuke Goto, Zachary Winkler, Hubert Rady, Yuntao Zhou, Gregory Kintz, Tyson Cleary, Chandler Bass, Maly Lor, Joao Ascensao, Tsee Lee, Sarah Fritts, Ruben Winter, Ron Harvey Jr, Joshua Mitchell, Johnny Li, Jacob Gerke, Katie M Vasilescu, Brandon Burke, Alex YanIf you'd like to support the channel, head over to http://patreon.com/eons and pledge for some cool rewards!Want to follow Eons elsewhere on the internet?Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/eonsshowTwitter - https://twitter.com/eonsshowInstagram - https://www.instagram.com/eonsshow/References:doi:10.2475/ajs.s3-14.83.337https://digitallibrary.amnh.org/bitst...Bakker RT. 1986. The Dinosaur Heresies. Zebra Books, New York. 481 pp. ISBN: 0806522607https://paleoglot.org/files/Ji&Ji_96.pdfdoi:10.1038/scientificamericandinosaurs0514-76Martyniuk, MP. 2012. A Field Guide to Mesozoic Birds and Other Winged DInosaurs. Pan Aves, Vernon, NJ. 191 pp.ISBN-13: 978-0-9885965-0-4Baby enantiornithine: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2017.06.001Enantiornithine wings: https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomm...Baby dinosaur tail: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2016.10...https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrg.20018https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JE001532https://doi.org/10.1130/B25402.1https://www.cell.com/current-biology/...https://www.cell.com/current-biology/...https://www.sciencedirect.com/science...
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  • Astrocynic
    Astrocynic  a years ago +1104

    the fact that a hummingbird is a highly derived dinosaur that has adapted to the ecological role of a pollinating insect is just mind blowing

  • TheHelleri
    TheHelleri  a years ago +285

    Ever been bitten by a Goose? They have teeth. Yes I know they are technically called tomia and are not true teeth. But functionally they are teeth... and they hurt.

  • Nature's Compendium
    Nature's Compendium  a years ago +1082

    PBS Eons is the best <3

  • TheJeffreyJJones
    TheJeffreyJJones  a years ago +289

    I'd love a video on the evolution of endothermic (warm blooded) animals, for example when did the switch from cold blooded reptiles to endothermic avians happen? Were any of the aquatic reptiles like ichthyosaurs endothermic or were they all ectotherms? Additionally if there is any information about the earliest endotherms out there?

  • Reilly444
    Reilly444  a years ago +47

    This is literally the best channel on youtube. No gimmicks, no wacky personalities, no non-sense; just a normal, straightforward narrative that's clear, concise and succinct.
    You have no idea how happy the existence of this channel, and the people behind it, makes me.

  • Carroll McPherson
    Carroll McPherson  10 months ago +59

    Evolution says "lets drop these teeth to save weight", nature says "but you need a way to grind up food". Evolution's answer:, "its ok i will just eat several rocks. Saves weight you see".

  • Drew McTygue
    Drew McTygue  a years ago +315

    Didn't scientists in the US genetically modify a chicken embryo to get it to grow teeth?

  • Cities & Skyscrapers
    Cities & Skyscrapers  a years ago +276

    This channel is so awesome!

  • Oof
    Oof  a years ago +417

    When Lions and Bears Clashed
    About Cave Lions and Cave Bears

  • Reid Norman
    Reid Norman  a years ago +178

    “When Reptiles had Fur”? Potential video on Gorgonopsids?

  • Creepy Closet
    Creepy Closet  a years ago +64

    Lately iv found it amusing to inform people that birds are actually dinosaurs because apparently most people don't know and I like their reactions

  • binky2819
    binky2819  a years ago +66

    Here's a video topic idea. The history of paleontology itself. Old ideas we used to have about fossils, how and when we figured out that fossils are the remains of long extinct creatures and not undiscovered ones, how we figured out the story of evolution long before we even knew that DNA is a thing, etc. If I'm not mistaken, the ancient greeks occasionally found fossils of large animals, which is probably how they came up with giant mythical creatures. And native americans are known to have collected small trilobite fossils and called them "little water bugs" I think.

  • Jeevan Rosario
    Jeevan Rosario  a years ago +31

    You should do a segment on 'Haaste's Eagle' . There is very little material about that super raptor out there. Normally people always talk about the Moa and forget all about the poor extinct eagle. It died out not so long ago and our own modern people lived in great proximity with them. Imagine actually seeing that monster flying up in the sky. The fear of the indigenous people. Like a jet plane. Scary. You must recreate this beauty.

  • Brian Henrichs
    Brian Henrichs  a years ago +60

    I was hoping you guys might cover the transition from an aquatic world to world with terrestrial animals. I always hear the phrase "when creatures first stepped on land" but I don't really understand the details.
    I love the show! Keep up the amazing work!

  • Michael Cipriano
    Michael Cipriano  a years ago +37

    I would love to know more about sea scorpions!

  • The Creature
    The Creature  a years ago +69

    Interesting topic. Looking forward to learning about it.
    If I may suggest a future topic, perhaps a video on how metamorphosis evolved in insects mostly, but also frogs and such. I think that and s video on things like gorgknopsis or kaprosuchus would be awesome to learn about.
    Keep up the incredible work eons team😄👍

  • Jonathan Thomas
    Jonathan Thomas  a years ago +10

    this channel, and others produced by pbs, are much needed in this day and age...and i'm greatful that there are organizations that still want to spread knowledge to the masses...thank you.

  • Sebastiaan De Koning
    Sebastiaan De Koning  a years ago +36

    Is it possible you guys can make a video on geomagnetic reversal? And what happend to life on earth? You guys really are amezing!

  • PF Sosa
    PF Sosa  a years ago +30

    Think about making a video about the evolution of cactii!

  • Frankske Verstraeten
    Frankske Verstraeten  17 hours ago

    "Scientists have found that the last common ancestors of all living birbs was indeed a grounddwelling seedeater".
    I do love me some toothless grounddwelling seedeating birbs.